Conjugation of german verbs. (present tense)Konjugation der Verben. (Gegenwart)

The conjugation of regular german verbs (present)

Schwache Verbkonjugation. (Gegenwart)

The conjugation is realised by adding the following endings to the root of the verb

· -e” - 1st person singular

· -(e)st” - 2nd person singular

·  „-(e)t” - 3rd person singular

·  -en“ - 1st person plural

·  „-(e)t“ - 2nd person plural

· -en“ - 3rd person plural

lernen = to learn

lernen - infinitive form of the verb

lernen - lern - the root of the verb



Person I

ich lerne = I learn

wir lernen = we learn

Person II

du lernst = you learn

ihr lernt = you learn

Person III

er, sie, es lernt = he, she, it learns


sie lernen = they learn


Sie lernen = you learn (polite pronoun)

Very important: "Ich lerne" can be translated with "I learn" and also with "I am learning", both translations are right! This applies for all verbs conjugated in present tense for all persons and both numbers (singular and plural).

bauen = to construct

We will translate this conjugation in english with the help of the auxiliary verb "to be"



Person I

ich baue = I am constructing

wir bauen = we are constructing

Person II

du baust = you are constructing

ihr baut = you are constructing

Person III

er, sie, es baut = he, she, it is constructing


sie bauen = they are constructing


Sie bauen = you are constructing (polite pronoun)


spielen = to play




Persoana I

ich spiele = I am playing

wir spielen = we are playing

Persoana a II-a

du spielst you are playing

ihr spielt = you are playing

Persoana a III-a

er, sie, es spielt = he, she, it is playing


sie spielen = they are playing


Sie spielen = you are playing (polite pronoun)


The same way areconjugated all the regular verbs. Some examples: sagen (to say), warten (to wait), fragen (to question), springen (to jump), machen (to do), spielen (to play), suchen (to search), tanzen (to dance), kochen (to cook), besichtigen (to visit) etc.

There is a category of verbs in the frame of regular verbs wich conjugation is made a bit differentlyThis verbs, after the elimination of the ending "-en", if they are ending in “t”, “d”,” m” or “n” we introduce the vowel "e" between the root and the endings. This applies only for 2nd and 3rd person - singular, and 2nd person - plural

Examples of this kind of verbs: antworten = to answer; arbeiten = to work; atmen = to breathe; begegnen = to meet; beobachten = to observe; bilden = toformulate; bitten = to invite; finden = to find; heiraten = to marry; mieten = to rent; öffnen = to open; rechnen = to calculate; reden = to speak; retten = to save; trocknen = to get dry; warten = to wait; zeichnen = to draw etc.


Let's conjugate the verb  “arbeiten” = to work

The rule is the following (it only applies for 2nd and 3rd person singular and 2nd person plural:

arbeiten + e + an ending from above for each pronoun singular and plural



Person I

ich arbeite = I am working

wir arbeiten = we are working

Person II

du arbeitest = you are working

ihr arbeitet = you are working

Person III

er, sie, es arbetet = he, she, it is working


sie arbeiten= they are working


Sie arbeiten = you are working (polite pronoun)


The same way with „warten“ = to wait



Person I

ich warte = I am waiting

wir warten = we are waiting

Person II 

du wartest = you are waiting

ihr wartet = you are waiting

Person III

er, sie, es wartet = he, she, is is waiting


sie warten= they are waiting


Sie warten = you are waiting (polite pronoun)


reden = to talk



Person I

ich rede = I am talking

wir reden = we are talking

Person II

du redest = you are talking

ihr redet = you are talking

Person III

er, sie, es redet = he, she, it is talking


sie reden= they are talking


Sie reden = you are talking (polite pronoun)



The conjugation of regular german verbs (present)

Konjugation der unregelmäßigen Verben. (Gegenwart)

- during the conjugation we use the same endings as in the case of regular verbs

-    during the conjugation it takes place a vowel change in the root of the verb at 2nd and 3rd person singular

Examples of irregular verbs: (“haben” and “sein” - the most important), sehen (to see), essen (to eat), helfen (to help), geben (to give), sprechen (to talk), lesen (to read), schlafen (to sleep), fahren (to drive/to travel), nehmen (to take) etc.

sehen = to see

 e → ie



Person I

ich sehe = I see

wir sehen = we see

Person II

du siehst = you see

ihr seht = you see

Person III

er, sie, es sieht = he, she, it sees


sie sehen= they see


Sie sehen = you see (polite pronoun)


essen = to eat

 e → i



Person I

ich esse = I am eating

wir essen = we are eating

Person II

du isst = you are eating

ihr esst = you are eating

Person III

er, sie, es isst = he, she, it is eating


sie essen= they are eating


Sie essen = you are eating (polite pronoun)


sprechen = to talk/to speak




Person I

ich spreche = I am talking

wir sprechen = we are talking

Person II

du sprichst = you are talking

ihr sprecht = you are talking

Person III

er, sie, es spricht = he, she, it is talking


sie sprechen= they are talking


Sie sprechen = you are talking (polite pronoun)


fahren = to drive/to travel

 a → ä



Person I

ich fahre = I am driving

wir fahren = we are driving

Person II

du fährst = you are driving

ihr fahrt = you are driving

Person III

er, sie, es fährt = he, she, it is driving


sie fahren= they are driving


Sie fahren = you are driving (polite pronoun)


Try to conjugate other verbs the same way!