All German nouns have to be written with capital letters.
▶ Example: der Mann (= man), die Frau (= woman), das Kind (= child).
Nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine si neuter.
▶ The gender is indicated by an article: der, die, das
der - for masculine gender
die - for feminine gender
das - for neuter gender
The article for plural, for all nouns is “die”.
Number and gender
Pluralul, for all genders (masculine, feminine, neuter)
Der Mann (= man)
Die Männer (= men)
Die Frau (= woman)
Die Frauen (= women)
Das Kind (= child)
Die Kinder (= children)
Remember: the gender of nouns in german differ from the gender of the same nouns translated into english.
▶ das Mädchen = girl (in german the noun “das Mädchen” is of neuter gender, as indicated by the article“das”; in english the noun “girl” is of feminine gender)
▶ der Tisch = table (in german the noun “der Tisch” is of masculine gender, as indicated by the article “der”; in english the noun “table” is of neuter gender)
▶ die Uhr = clock (in german the noun “die Uhr” is of feminine gender, as indicated by the article “die”; in english the noun “clock” is of neuter gender)
There is no general rule for identifying the gender of a noun in german.
For this reason it is strongly recommended that you learn german nouns with their articles (der, die, das).
Despite the difficulties in identifying the gender of a noun, there a few rules:
The feminine gender
Examples of nouns of feminine gender
Female persons and female names
die Frau (= woman),
die Mutter (= mother),
die Dame (= lady)
das Mädchen (= girl, is of neuter gender)
Names of airplanes
Names of fruints
die Birne (= pear)
die Banane (= banana)
die Erdbeere (=strawberry)
die Himbeere (= raspberry)
die Melone (= melon),
die Mandarine (= mandarin),
die Erdnuß (= peanut),
die Nuß (= nut),
die Ananas (= pineapple)
der Apfel (= apple, is of masculine gender),
Nouns ending in:
die Sekretärin (= secretary),
die Krankheit (= disease), die Gesundheit (= health),
die Nettigkeit (= niceness),
die Manschaft (= team),
die Übung (= exercise),
die Universität (= university),
die Lektion (= lesson), die Redaktion (= editorial office),
die Schlange (= snake),
die Wette (= bett),
die Marmelade (= jam, jelly)
The examples above are practical, but there are many exceptions!