The verb is a flexible part of speech (it changes it’s form) that expresses an action done by a noun or pronoun.
According to their functions there are three types of verbs:
1.Auxiliary verbs used to express time: - haben (to have) -sein (to be) -werden (to become) ▶
With their help we can place an action in a certain time (present, past, future)
2.Modal auxiliary verbs: - können (can, to be able to) -wollen (will, to want to) -müssen (must, to have to) -dürfen (may, to be allowed to) -sollen (should, to be supposed to) -mögen (to like, to wish to, to like to) ▶
The modal verbs are almost always used together with another verb in the infinitive form, this is required to complete the meaning of a sentence.
*Auxiliary verbs are also called "Hilfsverben" (helping verbs)
Predicative verbs can form on their own the predicate of a sentence.
Regarding their conjugation, german verbs are divided in two categories:
1.regular (weak verbs) - this ones share the same conjugation rule
2.irregular (strong verbs) - this ones have a special kind of conjugation procedure
List of the most used (common) regular verbs:
abdrehen = to steer abholen = to transport aufmachen = to openantworten = to answer arbeiten = to work aufhören = to finish baden = to bathe beantworten = to answerbenutzen = to use berichten = to anouncebestellen = to order
besuchen = to visit bilden = to form brauchen = to need bummeln = to wander dauern = to take time diskutieren = to dicuss einkaufen = to shop putzen = to clean
erklären = to explain erzählen = to tell
feiern = to celebratefotografieren = to take picture fragen = to ask füttern = to feed gehören = to belong grüssen = to greet hoffen = to hope kaufen = to buy kennen lernen = to get knownkochen = to cook lernen = to learn lieben = to love machen = to do malen = to draw öffnen = to open
reisen = to travel sagen = to say schenken = to gift schicken = to send spielen = to play stellen = to put studieren = to study suchen = to search tanzen = to dance telefonieren = to call träumen = to dreamverheiraten = to marryversuchen = to try vorbereiten = to prepairwarten = to wait wohnen = to reside zahlen = to count reden = to talk
List of the most used (common) irregular verbs:
backen/bäckt = to cook beginnen = to start beißen = to bite betrügen = to betray bewegen = to move biegen = to bend bieten = to offer bitten = to invite bleiben = to stay braten /brät = to fry brennen = to burn bringen = to bringdenken = to thinkessen/isst = to eat fahren = to drive fallen/fällt = to fall finden = to find fliegen = to fly fließen = to flow fressen = to feed frieren = to freeze geben/gibt = to give gehen = to walk genießen = to enjoy gewinnen = to win graben/gräbt = to bury
haben/hat = to have hängen = to hang heben = to lift helfen/hilft = to help kennen = to know kommen = to comeladen = to loadlassen/lässt = to leave laufen/läuft = to run leihen = to rent lesen/liest = toread lügen = to lie nehmen/nimmt = to take reißen = to tear reiten = to ride a horse rufen = to call schießen = to shoot schlafen = to sleep schlagen = to hit schließen = to close schreiben = to write schweigen = to be silent schwimmen = to swim sehen/sieht = to see sein/ist = to be singen = to sing sitzen = to sit
springen = to jump stehen = to stay stehlen/stiehlt = to steal steigen = to climb sterben/stirbt = to die streiten = to fight tragen/trägt = to wear treffen/trifft = to meet trinken = to drink tun/tut = to do vergessen = to forgett verlieren = to lose verschwinden = to disapear verzeihen = to forgive wachsen = to grow waschen/wäscht = to wash werden = to become werfen/wirft = to trow wissen/weiß = to know ziehen = to pull